Web development and web design are not direct synonyms. Web development is a collective name for everything that has to do with the development of a website. This includes many different elements, where of course web design is an important part, but also work such as programming, system development, data security, building databases and more.
Acquiring an education is of course one of the most common and perhaps also the best steps to start working in an industry or field. There are many different schools and universities that can offer courses in web development and related subjects. For example, you can choose to acquire a very broad education and then focus on what you find most interesting. But if you already know that you would like to learn about a specific aspect of web development, you might as well invest in finding training courses in this particular area. Since these courses are so focused on having access to a computer, it can also be practical to search for distance versions.
In development, they recommend that you like to learn new things and have an eye for detail. Having an ability to think logically and constantly wonder how things work are also good skills to have when working in development. Those who end up in marketing believe they must have the ability to see the big picture and learn to recognize trends. Both creativity and analytical ability are valuable for those who end up within this part of the work. To work in design, creativity is of course very central. If you then combine this with an ability to be open-minded and be able to take criticism, then you can really fit into this job. If you are more interested in working within content, you should first and foremost have an interest in language and an ability to express yourself so that as many people as possible understand.
Actually finding a job afterwards is always a hotly debated topic. There are many approaches, but what works best for one may not work at all for others. People often talk about different ways to get their foot in the door, so to speak. Something that many have actually found success in is starting with an internship. This not only gives you experience in your field in addition to the education, but also gives you the chance to create a relationship with one, or sometimes several, different companies. Sites like not only provide opportunities to search for jobs but also internships offered at various companies. And since people would probably rather look for a job than an internship, you increase your chances of getting this position.